A brief summary of the research

International Sports Science Journal

A brief summary of the research

The effect of special protective exercises in developing the achievement of swimming (100 meters) freestyle for men (S9-S10 category)

M. Taha Ghafel Abdullah Hussein 1, Prof. Muthanna Ahmed Khalaf 2

Tikrit University/College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 1

Tikrit University/College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 2

(1 Taha.sport@tu.edu.iq, 2 Prof.dr.muthanna_sport@tu.edu.iq, 2 Prof.dr.muthanna_sport@tu.edu.iq

Abstract: The research problem lies in the fact that swimming for the physically disabled is one of the most burdensome activities for disabled players in terms of the great severity on the players’ shoulders during training or during competitions as a result of the presence of resistance on his body in the water medium that differs from the natural resistance of the rest of the activities, as well as The loss of one of his limbs, and through field inspection, investigation and meetings with some coaches and players and access to scientific sources, it was found that most of the physically disabled swimmers (S9-S10) suffer from some injuries in the muscles of the upper limbs, especially during the training period due to high training loads, as well as Through the use of crutches during the practice of their general lives, so it was necessary to study this problem by preparing special preventive exercises that would work to improve and prepare the working muscles, especially the muscles of the upper extremities, and try to reduce injuries by strengthening the muscle groups working on each joint of the joints of the upper extremities In a manner that ensures that swimming players with physical disabilities benefit from these exercises.

The aim of the research was to prepare special exercises for the prevention of some injuries of the upper extremity muscles to develop some physical abilities and to complete the (100 meters) freestyle swimming for men (S9-S10 category), and to identify the effect of special exercises for the prevention of some injuries to the muscles of the upper extremity to develop the achievement of swimming (100 meters). Freestyle for men (S9-S10).

The researchers used the experimental method with one group, with two tests, pre and post tests, for its suitability to the nature of the research, and the research sample was chosen by the intentional method represented by the swimmers of the Iraqi national team for the physically handicapped, category (S9–S10), which numbered (5) swimmers with unilateral amputation in the lower limb, as they represent a percentage (100%) of the original research community, three of them are S9 and two are S10.

The most important conclusions were:

1- The adoption of preventive exercises is one of the important pillars of sports work in general and swimming in particular, as it gives full protection for the athlete to perform exercises without fear of injury.

2- Develop the muscles of the arms, the muscles of the shoulder girdle, and the muscles of the trunk, since the effort they make is greater, given that the deficiency in the lower extremity will add other burdens to the upper extremity.

Keywords: Protective exercises – achievement – swimming (100 meters) freestyle – category (S9-S10).

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